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Q1. Explain Globalization, Advantages of Globalization and Disadvantages of Globalization.

Answer: Globalization

Globalization can be defined as the process of international integration that arises due to increasing human connectivity as well as the interchange of products, ideas and other aspects of culture. It includes the spread and connectedness of communication, technologies and production across the world and involves the interlacing of cultural and economic activity. The term 'globalization' was used by the late professor Theodore Levitt of Harvard Business School in an article titled 'Globalization of Markets' which appeared in HarvardBusiness Review in 1983. The world turning into a global market has its ownadvantages and disadvantages for various countries.
Q2. In foreign exchange market many types of transactions take place. Discuss the meaning and role of forward, future and options market.
Answer: Forward, Futures and Options Market

Forward Market
In the forward market, contracts are made to buy and sell currencies for future delivery, say, after a fortnight, one month, two months and so on. The rate of exchange for the transaction is agreed upon on the very day the deal is finalized.
Q3. Explain Swap, its features and types of Swap.

Answer: Swap

Swap is an agreement between two or more parties to exchange sets of cash flows over a period in future. The parties that agree to swap are known as counter parties. It is a combination of a purchase with a simultaneous sale for equal amount but different dates.

Q1. Explain in detail the types of exposure and measuring economic exposure

Answer: Types of Exposure

The types of exposure are broadly divided into economic and translation exposure. Economic exposure is further divided into transaction exposure and operating exposure
Q2. Elaborate on the tools of foreign exchange risk management and techniques of exposure management.

Answer: Tools of Foreign Exchange Risk Management

Various financial instruments are used by companies in India and abroad in order to hedge the exchange risk. Such kinds of instruments are available to the company at varying costs. The various tools that hedge the different kinds of risks are given below:
3 Write short note on:
a. Adjusted present value model (APV model)
Answer: Debt has an advantage over equity since the interest paid on debt is almost always deductible from income while calculating corporate taxes, which is not the case for dividends on equity.
b. Forced Disinvestment
Government may put pressure on firms to disinvest. Forced disinvestment may take place for various reasons such as:

1 Give the meaning of treasury management. Explain the need for specialized handling of treasury and benefits of treasury.
Answer: Treasury Management

Treasury management is the planning, organising and control of funds required by a corporate entity. Funds come in several forms: cash, bonds, currencies, financial derivatives like futures and options etc. Treasury management covers all these and the intricacies of choosing the right mix.

2 Explain foreign exchange market. Write about all the types of foreign exchange markets. Explain the participants in foreign exchange markets.
Answer: Foreign Exchange Market

Foreign Exchange market (forex market) deals with purchase and sale of foreign currencies. The bulk of the market is “over the counter” (OTC) i.e. not through an exchange which is well regulated.

3 Write an overview of risk mitigation. Explain the processes of risk containment. Write about the tools available for managing risks.
Answer: Risk Mitigation – An Overview

Risk mitigation can be handed in four ways:

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1 What is Interest Rate Risk Management (IRRM)? Write the components and features of IRRM. Explain the macro and micro factors affecting interest rate.
Answer: Interest Rate Risk Management (IRRM)

2. Explain the contents of working capital. Write down the need for working capital.
Answer: Contents of working capital

As stated above, working capital comprises the working assets of a firm. What are these assets? Look at the items in these examples.

3. Explain the concepts and benefits of integrated treasury. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of operating treasury as a profit center.
Answer: Concept and Benefits of Integrated Treasury

The concept of integrated treasury works on the principle that Treasury can be a single unifying force of a company’s activities in the money market, capital market and forex market; and can help the company derive synergy.
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FIN403 - Merchant Banking and financial Services
1 Explain Application Supported by Blocked Amount (ASBA). What is the Procedure of Applying in IPO through ASBA?
Answer: Application Supported by Blocked Amount (ASBA)

Application Supported by Blocked Amount (ASBA) is an application containing an authorization to block the application money in the bank account, for subscribing to an issue. If an investor is applying through ASBA, his application money shall be debited from the bank account only if his/her application is selected for allotment after the basis of allotment is finalized, or the issue is withdrawn/failed.

2 Write short notes on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and Depository Receipt.
Answer: Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is an integral part of an open and effective international economic system and a major catalyst to development.

3 What do you mean by a Depository? What are the functions performed by a Depository?

Answer: Meaning of Depository

A depository helps in the transfer of securities from one investor to another in an electronic form. The depository works as an intermediary on the stock exchange and their prime function is to provide facility for security holder to hold and transfer securities in dematerialized form and in book-entry form. The transferor’s depository account is debited and transferee’s depository account is credited to settle the transaction.

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1 Explain the concept of Hire Purchase? Give the difference between Hire Purchase and Leasing.

Answer: Concept of Hire Purchase: In a hire purchase system, the buyer acquires the property by promising to pay in monthly, quarterly and half-yearly instalments. The period of payment has to be fixed while signing the hire sale agreement.
2 Write short notes on Traditional theory of Portfolio Management and Modern theory of Portfolio Management
Answer: Portfolio theories give guidance in managing the portfolio. Broadly speaking, the portfolio theories can be divided into two categories, traditional theories or approach and modern theory or approach.

1. Traditional theory or approach

The traditional theory says that the investors should first decide the objective of the investment and then select various securities which they want to include in the portfolio.
3 What do you mean by Venture Capital Fund? What are the various features of a Venture Capital Fund?
Answer: Venture capital is the money provided by investors to start firms and small businesses with long-term growth potential. This is a very important source of funding for start-ups that do not have access to capital markets. It typically entails high risk for the investor, but it has the potential for above-average returns.

1 An organization is a legal entity which is created to do some activity of some purpose. There are elements of a life insurance organization. Explain the elements of life insurance organization.
Answer: Elements of a Life Insurance Organization
An ‘organization’ is a legal entity which is created to do some activity or to achieve some purpose. It is created under some law, which gives it a status and identity. Because of the identity, the organization is considered to be a person in law.
2. Business organizations and individuals take insurance policies. These insurance policies help them to cover the losses in case of any emergency. Explain how insurance works, the need for insurance and some examples.
Answer: Business organizations and individuals take insurance policies. These insurance policies help them to cover the losses in case of any emergency
3 Briefly explain the marketing mix (7 P’s) for insurance companies

Answer: Marketing Mix (7 P’s) for Insurance Companies

Marketing for insurance companies implies marketing insurance services with the objective to create a customer base and make profit by the means of customer satisfaction. This emphasizes on forming an appropriate marketing mix for insurance business for the insurance organization to sustain in the industry.

1 Elucidate the benefits of reinsurance. Elaborate on the application of reinsurance.
Answer: Benefits of Reinsurance

The main benefits of reinsurance to the insurance companies are as follows:

(i) Increase in risk-taking capacity

As the direct insurer can reinsure part of certain risks, it can therefore accept more of the original risk.
2. To assess some cases, the underwriter needs more additional information which can be procured from various sources. Explain them.
Answer: To assess some cases, the underwriter needs more additional information. The additional information required could be as small as the response to a single question that was left blank on the application or as extensive as the results of a complete medical examination.
3 Explain the term ‘Agent’, ‘Criteria for appointment of an Agent’ and ‘functions of an Agent’.
Answer: Those who do the job of meeting, explaining and persuading people, are called agents. They are the salesmen or intermediaries between the insurer and the public.
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